Phobjikha valley is a conservation area recognized primarily for its ecological richness and prime winter habitat of the Black-necked Cranes (Grus nigricollis) with approximate of 300 cranes every winter. The area is situated at the north western periphery of the Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park.
The area falls within the administrative boundaries of two Gewogs of Gangtey and Phobji under Wangduephodrang district.
Phobjikha is a wide alpine wetland valley with a stream meandering through the open grassland and thickets of dwarf bamboo. Farmlands and villages occupy the peripheral slopes where potatoes and turnips are grown. The forests beyond the farms are conifer mostly of which are dominated by blue pines (Pinus wallichiana) and fir (Abies Densa).