Bhutan

History

The country was originally known by many names including Lho Jong, ‘The Valleys of the South’, Lho Mon Kha Shi, ‘The Southern Mon Country of Four Approaches’, Lho Jong Men Jong, ‘The Southern Valleys of Medicinal Herbs and Lho Mon Tsenden Jong, ‘The Southern Mon Valleys where Sandlewood Grows’. Mon was a term used by the Tibetans to refer to Mongoloid, non-Buddhist peoples that populated the Southern Himalayas. The country… Read More »

Culture

Culture of Bhutan WHILE BHUTAN IS ONE OF THE SMALLEST COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD, ITS CULTURAL DIVERSITY AND RICHNESS ARE PROFOUND.Eating Habits Traditional Bhutanese eating habits are simple and, in general, food is eaten with hands. Family members eat while sitting cross legged on the wooden floor with food first being served to the head of the household first. It is usually women who serve the food and in most… Read More »

Food

Food THE MOST DISTINCTIVE CHARACTERISTIC OF BHUTANESE CUISINE IS ITS SPICINESS. CHILLIS ARE AN ESSENTIAL PART OF NEARLY EVERY DISH AND ARE CONSIDERED SO IMPORTANT THAT MOST BHUTANESE PEOPLE WOULD NOT ENJOY A MEAL THAT WAS NOT SPICY. Rice forms the main body of most Bhutanese meals. It is accompanied by one or two side dishes consisting of meat or vegetables. Pork, beef and chicken are the meats that are… Read More »

People & Society

People Bhutanese people can be generally categorized into three main ethnic groups. The Tshanglas, Ngalops and the Lhotshampas. The other minority groups are the Bumthaps and the Khengpas of Central Bhutan, the Kurtoeps in Lhuentse, the Brokpas and the Bramis of Merak and Sakteng in eastern Bhutan, the Doyas of Samtse and finally the Monpas of Rukha villages in WangduePhodrang. Together the multiethnic Bhutanese population number just over 700,000. Tshanglas: The… Read More »

Religion

Religion The bhutanese constitution guarantees freedom of religion and citizens and visitors are free to practice any form of worship so long as it does not impinge on the rights of others. Christianity, hinduism and islam are also present in the country.Buddhism Bhutan is a Buddhist country and people often refer to it as the last stronghold of Vajrayana Buddhism. Buddhism was first introduced by the Indian Tantric master Guru… Read More »

Political System

The first move towards a systematic scheme of governance came in 1616 with the arrival of Zhabdrung Nawang Namgyal from Tibet. He introduced the dual system of governance with the Je Khenpo as the spiritual head of the nation and the Desis, as the head of the temporal aspects. But a major breakthrough came about in 1907 when the people unanimously enthroned Ugyen Wangchuck as the fist hereditary King of… Read More »